Urban management is a recurring theme on our blog due to the exponential growth of urbanization. For this reason, the planned cities stand out for their capacity and relevance in offering excellence in quality of life.
In Brazil, the urban agenda continues to be one of the biggest challenges, especially with regard to economic, political, environmental and social issues.
According to studies by the United Nations (UN), the proportion of people living in Brazilian cities went from 36% in 1950 to 87% today. In addition, the same study projects that by 2050 the proportion could reach 92.4%.
Thus, it is common for cities to present problems based on their own development, especially unplanned ones.
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But after all, what are planned cities?
Planned cities are designed from scratch to maintain continuous planning. In addition to ensuring sustainable, safe and long-term solutions.
Even though they are populous, the planned cities present a controlled growth and develop according to urban projects, guaranteeing extreme quality.
That’s because the objective is to offer public policies with quality and efficiency, so that it meets all urban demands and needs. However, this is not the reality of many cities, since unplanned cities are the majority in the country and in the world.
Unplanned cities, also called spontaneous cities, are those without any urban planning and that end up being constituted over time as people settle down, generally in the vicinity of rivers and highways.
Without proper planning, spontaneous cities grow in a disorderly way, generating problems of infrastructure, traffic, security and other issues related to social welfare.
Therefore, living in a planned city is anticipating the future through a structured environment designed to benefit the population in every way.
Brazilian cities planned
Although planned cities are not predominant in the country, existing projections are a reference in organization, development and urban planning.
With great efforts to improve habitability, infrastructure, mobility and public services, the planned Brazilian cities have a special model. Check it out below.
There is no doubt that Brasília is the best known planned city in the country. Built to be the seat of the Federal Government, the capital’s planning is one of the most important in history.
That’s because the construction project followed three main objectives:
Prevent maritime attacks;
Remove the possibility of protests;
Populate and develop the interior of the country.
In the urban mobility sector, Brasília is the best positioned city in the Midwest and is in 4th place in the General Ranking of Smart Cities 2021.
The capital of Minas Gerais was the first planned modern city. During the construction project, the aim was to develop a city of the future.
Inspired by French constructions, Belo Horizonte is formed by spacious streets, diagonal avenues and blocks of regular dimensions that allow the flow of people and the circulation of goods.
With the accelerated growth, new plans were developed. Currently, BH is one of the cities that stand out in health, technology and innovation, according to Urban System.
Similar to the construction of Brasília, Palmas is the most recent planned city in the country and was developed to accommodate one million inhabitants.
Aiming to be multifunctional, the capital of Tocantins is formed by large avenues, marginals, roundabouts and green areas.
Thus, Palmas continues with orderly urban growth.
Is there a difference between a planned city and a smart city?
We’ve already talked here about how the smart city concept is transforming urban management with complete and innovative projects.
From this perspective, smart cities have technologies that enable the modernization and optimization of public services.
However, what makes a smart city different from a planned city is the implementation of resources and technologies in urban planning. In other words, planned cities can become intelligent with efficient projections, tools, technologies and solutions.
The pioneer project Smart City Laguna, in Ceará, is a classic example that a planned city can be smart, sustainable and innovative.
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Urban management is increasingly on the agenda in the development of Brazilian cities. This is because the quality of life in urban areas remains a priority in socioeconomic aspects.
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